• Bottlenecks to Deployment? The challenges of Deploying Civilian Personnel to Peace Operations 

      Solli, Audun; de Carvalho, Benjamin; De Coning, Cedric; Pedersen, Mikkel Frøsig (Security in Practice;3-2009, Research report, 2009)
    • Brende, Kina, og en skiftende verdensorden 

      Andersen, Morten Skumsrud (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Norges normalisering med Kina knytter an til sentrale, strukturelle utviklingstrekk i internasjonal politikk - en trend hvor den liberale verdensordenens vakuum blir fylt av Kina når USA trekker seg ut, men også at denne ...
    • Brexit og europeisk sikkerhet 

      Sverdrup, Ulf (Others, 2017)
      Kan brexit gjøre at Norge og Storbritannia blir tettere integrert med EU? Det kan skje i sikkerhetspolitikken.
    • BRI in Central Asia: Agriculture and Food Projects 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Øverland, Indra; Aminjonov, Farkhod; Abylkasymova, Alina; Eshchanov, Bahtiyor; Moldokanov, Daniyar (Central Asia Data-Gathering and Analysis Team (CADGAT);26, Research report, 2019)
      This data article looks at Chinese investment in agriculture and food production in Central Asia. It shows that the agricultural sector projects have low priority within the Belt and Road Initiative. Kazakhstan is the ...
    • BRI in Central Asia: Energy Connectivity Projects 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Øverland, Indra; Aminjonov, Farkhod; Abylkasymova, Alina; Eshchanov, Bahtiyor; Moldokanov, Daniyar (Central Asia Data-Gathering and Analysis Team (CADGAT);22, Research report, 2019)
      One of the strategic objectives of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in Central Asia is to provide China with alternative import/export and energy supply routes. This data article shows that the presentation and coverage ...
    • BRI in Central Asia: Finance and IT Projects 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Øverland, Indra; Aminjonov, Farkhod; Abylkasymova, Alina; Eshchanov, Bahtiyor; Moldokanov, Daniyar (Central Asia Data-Gathering and Analysis Team (CADGAT);25, Research report, 2019)
      China and its Central Asian counterparts pursue finance and IT projects for both commercial and strategic reasons. As this data article shows, transparency is limited and exact information on the size of their investments ...
    • BRI in Central Asia: Industrial Projects 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Øverland, Indra; Aminjonov, Farkhod; Abylkasymova, Alina; Eshchanov, Bahtiyor; Moldokanov, Daniyar (Central Asia Data-Gathering and Analysis Team (CADGAT);24, Research report, 2019)
      China’s investment in the industrial sectors of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan has been on the rise since the 1990s. However, this data article shows the recent expansion of Chinese investment also in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. ...
    • BRI in Central Asia: Mineral and Petroleum Exploration, Extraction and Processing Projects 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Øverland, Indra; Aminjonov, Farkhod; Abylkasymova, Alina; Eshchanov, Bahtiyor; Moldokanov, Daniyar (Central Asia Data-Gathering and Analysis Team (CADGAT);23, Research report, 2019)
      Mineral resources is the sector that receives most Chinese investment in Central Asia. China and its Central Asian partners pursue both strategic and commercial goals by promoting projects in the minerals sector. Kazakhstan ...
    • BRI in Central Asia: Overview of Chinese Projects 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Øverland, Indra; Aminjonov, Farkhod; Abylkasymova, Alina; Eshchanov, Bahtiyor; Moldokanov, Daniyar (Central Asia Data-Gathering and Analysis Team (CADGAT);20, Research report, 2019)
      This data article summarises the analysis of 261 Chinese projects in Central Asia. The findings indicate that trade promotion and industrial development are the sectors where there is most BRI-related activity in Central ...
    • BRI in Central Asia: People-to-People Projects 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Øverland, Indra; Aminjonov, Farkhod; Abylkasymova, Alina; Eshchanov, Bahtiyor; Moldokanov, Daniyar (Central Asia Data-Gathering and Analysis Team (CADGAT);27, Research report, 2019)
      Along with financing hard infrastructure projects, Beijing also promotes soft power projects in the form of people-to-people initiatives. However, such projects are low priority within the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)in ...
    • BRI in Central Asia: Rail and Road Connectivity Projects 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Øverland, Indra; Aminjonov, Farkhod; Abylkasymova, Alina; Eshchanov, Bahtiyor; Moldokanov, Daniyar (Central Asia Data-Gathering and Analysis Team (CADGAT);21, Research report, 2019)
      This data article shows that most of the rail and road projects in which the Chinese are involved in Central Asia are implemented within the territories of individual countries and thus are still poorly linked with each ...
    • BRICS, Energy and the New World Order 

      Eriksen, Stein Sundstøl; Lodgaard, Sverre; Melchior, Arne; Rich, Karl; Rowe, Elana Wilson; Sending, Ole Jacob (NUPI Report;, Research report, 2012)
    • Brothers in Arms and Faith? The Emerging US-Central and Eastern Europe ‘Special Relationship’ 

      Holm, Minda; Tjalve, Vibeke (NUPI Policy Note;2020-1, Research report, 2020)
      In this policy note, we explore the nature, strength and tensions of the contemporary US-Central Eastern Europe relationship. We describe the expanding US-CEE ‘brotherhood in arms’: growing trade relations, intensified ...
    • Brunei Darussalam: How to Build an Investment Climate for Renewable Energy? 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Chan, Hoy-Yen; Kresnawan, Muhammad Rizki; Merdekawati, Monika; Øverland, Indra; Sagbakken, Haakon Fossum; Suryadi, Beni; Utama, Nuki Agya; Yurnaidi, Zulfikar (ACE Policy Brief;04/2020, Research report, 2020)
      Brunei Darussalam has yet to make major progress in renewable energy and become an attractive destination for investors. Only 0.05% of Brunei’s electricity came from renewable energy sources, while 99.95% was based on ...
    • Building a Security Community in the Neighborhood. Zooming in on the EU–Tunisia Relations 

      Dandashly, Assem (NUPI-notat;836, Working Paper, 2014)
    • Building Bridges for Success:Rethinking Peace Operations Training for Complex Environments 

      Vermeij, Lotte; Holen, Sine Vorland (NUPI Policy Brief;2017-13, Research report, 2017)
      Witnessing the changes in armed conflict since the 1990s, several global political-level agendas have emerged, recognizing the growing human suffering from armed conflict and the long-term consequences on societies. These ...
    • Building tax systems in fragile states. Challenges, achievements and policy recommendations 

      Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge; Bøås, Morten; Brun Bjørkheim, Julie; Kvamme, Frida (CMI report;2018:03, Research report, 2018)
      This report systematises and analyses existing knowledge on taxation in fragile states. Efforts to support domestic revenue mobilisation in conflict situations require a different approach and other means than in the more ...
    • Bulwark, Bridge, or Periphery? Polish discourse on Poland and Europe 

      Haaland, Hege (NUPI Rapport;263, Research report, 2001)
      After the Communist regime started crumbling in 1989, the official foreign policy of Poland has been redefined. A central characteristic in this process has been Polish involvement in the process of European integration ...
    • Burden-sharing in NATO. The Trump effect won’t last 

      Ringsmose, Jens; Jakobsen, Viggo (NUPI Policy Brief;2017-16, Research report, 2017)
      The Trump Administration has adopted a more confrontational and transactional approach to burden-sharing in NATO. It has threatened to “moderate” its commitment to the Alliance unless the European members increase their ...
    • Business as usual? The private sector’s changing role in Arctic environmental governance 

      Rowe, Elana Tovah Wilson; Prip, Christian; Rottem, Svein Vigeland (NUPI Policy Brief;2019-12, Research report, 2019)
      How has the private sector engaged in crossborder Arctic diplomacy? Despite a focus on business actors as targets of policy recommendations from the Arctic Council and an increased attention on the importance of engaging ...