• Assessing the Effectiveness of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) and The Office of the Special Adviser to the Secretary- General on Cyprus (OSASG) 

      Novosseloff, Alexandra (EPON Report;, Research report, 2021)
      This report assesses the extent to which the UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) along with the Office of the Special Adviser to the Secretary- General on Cyprus (OSASG) – also called the mission of the Good Offices ...
    • The Big Man Muqtada al-Sadr: Leading the Street in Iraq under Limited Statehood 

      Selvik, Kjetil; Amirteimour, Iman (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The article conceptualises the Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr as a big man to explain his proven capability for navigating the hazardous terrain of Iraqi politics. Introduced in Sahlins’ anthropology on Melanesia and refined ...
    • Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: Afghanistan 

      Rosvold, Elisabeth Lio; Funnemark, Anne; Grand, Anab Ovidie; Tarif, Kheira; Smith, Elizabeth (Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet;February 2022, Research report, 2021)
      Afghanistan is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change: rising temperatures, changing precipitation patterns and increasingly frequent extreme weather events. Currently, Afghanistan is experiencing its worst ...
    • Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: South Sudan 

      De Coning, Cedric; Tchie, Andrew E. Yaw; Grand, Anab Ovidie; Krampe, Florian; Tarif, Kheira (Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet;, Research report, 2021)
      Flooding and droughts significantly disrupt livelihood patterns and food-security and may result in temporary displacement or longer-term migration. Such shocks exacerbate vulnerabilities and weaken the resilience and ...
    • The Dangers of Disconnection: Oscillations in Political Violence on Lake Chad 

      Iocchi, Alessio (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Narrations on fragility and resilience in the Sahel paint a picture about the region’s inherent ungovernability that lead to consider an endless state- and peace-building process as the most feasible governance solution. ...
    • Female Peacekeepers and Operational Effectiveness in UN Peace Operations. 

      Osland, Kari M.; Nortvedt, Jenny; Røysamb, Maria Gilen (NUPI Research Paper;3/2020, Research report, 2020)
      More women are needed in UN peace operations, both on the grounds of equality and performance. March 2020 survey data and empirical evidence from the Effectiveness of Peace Operations Network (EPON) highlight the importance ...
    • The Impact of Covid-19 on the Women, Peace and Security Agenda. 

      Osland, Kari M.; Røysamb, Maria Gilen; Nortvedt, Jenny (NUPI Covid-19 Brief;8/2020, Research report, 2020)
      • Women appear to be disproportionately affected by Covid-19 • Pushback on global commitment to gender equality • Gender equality and human development are correlated: focussing on gender equality will have a catalytic ...
    • Iraq 

      Seyuba, Katongo; Tarif, Kheira; Kim, Kyungmee; O'Driscoll, Dylan; Fazil, Shivan; Rosvold, Elisabeth Lio; Funnemark, Anne (Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet;April 2022, Research report, 2022)
      • Increasing temperatures, decreasing water availability and greater inter-annual variability in rainfall negatively affect agriculture, reduce household income and food availability, and exacerbate livelihood insecurity. ...
    • L’architecture de sécurité intérieure burkinabé face à la gestion d’une crise multidimensionnelle 

      Bagayoko, Niagalé; Savadogo, Mahamoudou (NUPI Working Paper;898, Research report, 2022)
      Pour faire face à la crise multidimensionnelle que traverse le Sahel depuis 2012, c’est principalement la réponse militaire qui a été privilégiée. Il est pourtant tout aussi important de s’intéresser au rôle que jouent les ...
    • Preventing Organized Crime. The Need for a Context-Sensitive, System-Wide Approach. 

      Osland, Kari M.; Boutellis, Arthur (NUPI Report;2020-07, Research report, 2020)
      Recent years have seen important developments regarding the UN Security Council and the UN Secretariat. The Security Council, which has increasingly recognized organized crime as a serious threat to international peace and ...
    • Rebel governance? A literature review of Boko Haram and the Islamic State in West Africa Province 

      Hassan, Idayat (NUPI Working Paper;897, Research report, 2022)
      The literature on rebel governance has fundamentally challenged the idea that ‘governance’ is the sole prerogative of ‘government’. Despite important advances over the past decade, studies have largely addressed rebel ...
    • Reviewing Jihadist Governance in the Sahel 

      Rupesinghe, Natasja; Naghizadeh, Mikael Hiberg; Cohen, Corentin (NUPI Working Paper;894, Research report, 2021)
      The ways in which jihadist insurgents in the Sahel govern is rarely considered in the academic literature. They have often been portrayed as ‘Islamic terrorists’, who achieve their objectives by using brutal force against ...
    • Spaces and Institutional Logics in Post-Conflict Settings of Mitrovica 

      Osland, Kari M.; Batora, Jozef; Qehaja, Florian; Gajić, Sonja Stojanović (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Spaces structure interactions between communities in post-conflict settings. They are governed by particular institutional logics, which can foster boundary building and boundary transgression. This article proposes an ...
    • Sunnism, Salafism, Sheikism: Urban Pathways of Resistance in Sidon, Lebanon 

      Knudsen, Are John (HYRES Research Note;, Research report, 2019)
      This brief analyses Salafism as an urban phenomenon, with an emphasis on the contentious period following the Syrian uprising turned civil war (2011–present). To understand Salafism’s popular appeal, it is necessary to ...
    • To engage or not engage? Libyan Salafis and state institutions 

      Collombier, Virginie; Barsoum, Fiona (HYRES Research Note;, Research report, 2019)
      At the beginning of the recent escalation of hostilities in Libya in April 2019, one of the key questions posed was what role, if any, quietist Salafis would play. Followers of this trend have grown significantly in influence ...
    • Trade and trust: the role of trade in de facto state conflict transformation 

      Gelashvili, Tamta; Kemoklidze, Nino; Blakkisrud, Helge (NUPI Policy Brief;2021-1, Research report, 2021)
      De facto states – unrecognized secessionist entities that eke out a living on the margins of the international system – are often heavily dependent on external patron states for economic aid and investment. When the parent ...
    • Unity in Goals, Diversity in Means - and the discourse on female peacekeepers in UN peace operations. 

      Osland, Kari M.; Nortvedt, Jenny; Røysamb, Maria Gilen (NUPI Working Paper;893, Research report, 2020)
      Gender parity at all levels in the UN, as a means towards gender equality, is a two-decades old commitment, reflecting core values as old as the UN itself. Despite this, progress on increasing the number of female peacekeepers ...
    • Using satellite data and machine learning to study conflict-induced environmental and socioeconomic destruction in data-poor conflict areas: The case of the Rakhine conflict 

      Aung, Thiri Shwesin; Øverland, Indra; Vakulchuk, Roman; Xie, Yanhua (Others, 2021)
      This paper studies socioeconomic and environmental changes in the neighboring areas Bangladesh-Myanmar border from 2012 to 2019, thus covering the period before and after the 2017 Rakhine conflict in Myanmar and outflux ...
    • ‘Violent Extremism’ in the Lake Chad Basin : Understanding the Drivers of the Boko Haram Insurgency. 

      Connor, Gregory (NUPI Report;, Research report, 2017)
      By providing an analysis of the historic dynamics of the Lake Chad Basin region and the common challenges that Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria face, this brief deconstructs common narratives around ‘violent extremism’ ...