• 50 Years After the Moon Landing:Why Europe Should Lead the Next 50 

      Cross, Mai’a K. Davis (NUPI Policy Brief;2019-11, Research report, 2019)
      50 years since the first astronauts stepped foot on the moon, it would be easy to be complacent about human space exploration today. After all, humans have not ventured out of low-earth orbit since 1972. Achievements in ...
    • A Pivot to What? Asia-Pacific Foreign Policy under Trump 

      Lanteigne, Marc (NUPI Policy Brief;2016-39, Research report, 2016)
      Despite the difficulty in making predictions about an incoming American administration even before the inaugural process has been completed, the first two months since the US elections in November 2016 have already generated ...
    • After Crimea: The future of Nordic Defence Cooperation 

      Friis, Karsten; Saxi, Håkon Lunde (NUPI Policy Brief;2018-06, Research report, 2018)
    • Analyzing Security Subregions: Forces of Push, Pull, and Resistance in Nordic Defense Cooperation 

      Friis, Karsten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      How can we best analyze security subregions? The most commonly used theory of regional security in the discipline of international relations, the regional security complex theory, focuses on large regions, such as Europe, ...
    • Bastionforsvaret og Russlands militærmakt. Et utdatert trusselbilde? 

      Kvam, Ina Holst-Pedersen (NUPI Policy Brief;2021-2, Research report, 2021)
      Russlands potensielle etablering av Bastionforsvaret er forankret i inneværende langtidsplan (LTP) som Forsvarets dimensjonerende scenario for en eventuell stormaktskonflikt. Kombinasjonen av våpenteknologisk utvikling og ...
    • Biowar next? Security implications of the coronavirus 

      Friis, Karsten (LSE Ideas Strategic Update;, Research report, 2020)
      In this Strategic Update, Karsten Friis investigates the pandemic's potential consequences for the world, its armed forces, the integration of Europe, US-China relations, as well as the concept and practice of 'war' more ...
    • Blikket i glasskulen: NATO de neste 70 år 

      Friis, Karsten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Hvordan vil det gå med NATO? Vil alliansen overleve de neste 70 år? Hvilke utfordringer vil alliansen i så fall måtte håndtere? Artikkelen spekulerer på fremtiden og forsøker å se inn i glasskulen og peke på noen mulige ...
    • Burden-sharing in NATO. The Trump effect won’t last 

      Ringsmose, Jens; Jakobsen, Viggo (NUPI Policy Brief;2017-16, Research report, 2017)
      The Trump Administration has adopted a more confrontational and transactional approach to burden-sharing in NATO. It has threatened to “moderate” its commitment to the Alliance unless the European members increase their ...
    • China and South Asia Crisis Management in the Era of Great Power Competition 

      Sun, yun (NUPI Research Paper;4/2020, Research report, 2020)
      Until very recently, China had been seen as an important and constructive force in the crisis management in South Asia in the event of an India-Pakistan military crisis. Part of the perception originated from historical ...
    • China’s EU policy in the pandemic era: A new normal? 

      Trøan, Magnus Langset (NUPI Policy Brief;2020-12, Research report, 2020)
      During the pandemic era, media reports and leaks indicate a growing assertiveness from China towards the EU. Is this a sign of a new normal in China's EU policy of something else entirely? To devise an appropriate response, ...
    • Climate Change and Security in the Arctic 

      Sending, Ole Jacob; Hansen, Vegard Valther; Winther, Iselin Németh; Goodman, Sherri; Guy, Kate; Maddox, Marisol (Research report, 2021)
      Across the world, climate change already poses severe threats to the natural and human systems on which security depends. These changes are of acute concern in the High North, the geography of land, sea, and ice that lies ...
    • Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet: Somalia 

      De Coning, Cedric; Grand, Anab Ovidie; Karlsrud, John; Nortvedt, Jenny; Tchie, Andrew E. Yaw; Krampe, Florian; Tarif, Kheira (Climate, Peace and Security Fact Sheet;2021, Research report, 2021)
      Somalia is highly susceptible to the effects of climate change and extreme weather. Without anticipatory preventive approaches, these factors are likely to exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and reduce the people’s ...
    • Comparing Cyber Security. Critical Infrastructure protection in Norway, the UK and Finland. 

      Gjesvik, Lars (NUPI Report;2019-5, Research report, 2019)
      Cyber security and protecting critical infrastructures from digital harm are of increasing importance for governments around the globe. Tackling this issue is challenged by two distinct features of cyber security in Western ...
    • Complexities of Achieving Strategic Stability in Southern Asia: An Indian Perspective 

      Sethi, Manpreet (NUPI Research Paper;2020-05, Research report, 2020)
      The concept of strategic stability provides a framework for strengthening security in the nuclear age. This report explores the possibilities and constraints for achieving strategic stability in South Asia. The strained ...
    • Conventional arms control on the Korean Peninsula: The current state and prospects 

      Han, Yong-Sup (NUPI Research Paper;2/2020, Research report, 2020)
      At the end of 2017, the Korean Peninsula reached the brink of a nuclear war, as the US president Donald Trump and the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un exchanged words of nuclear threats each other. A tug of war as to whose ...
    • Conventional Counterforce Dilemmas: South Korea's Deterrence Strategy and Stability on the Korean Peninsula 

      Hiim, Henrik Stålhane; Bowers, Ian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      In response to North Korea's nuclear weapons program, South Korea is quietly pursuing an independent conventional counterforce and countervalue strategy. This strategy is unique. Few, if any, nonnuclear states have sought ...
    • Enhancing the Effectiveness of the G5 Sahel Force by Strengthening Strategic Coherence and International Support 

      Karlsrud, John; de Coning, Cedric (NUPI Report;2021-06, Research report, 2021)
      At the UN Security Council and in other forums in Africa and Europe diplomats are considering how to increase international support to the G5 Sahel Force. The support is aimed at filling critical gaps that have hindered ...
    • EU-Supported Reforms in the EU Neighbourhood as Organized Anarchies: The Case of Post-Maidan Ukraine 

      Rieker, Pernille; Batora, Jozef (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      How does the EU and its member states organize their support for reforms in the countries of the EU Neighbourhood? Building on organization theory research on reforms as sets of loosely coupled ‘garbage can’ processes, we ...
    • European Defence and Third Countries after Brexit 

      Svendsen, Øyvind (NUPI Policy Brief;2018-03, Research report, 2018)
      The UK’s departure from the European Union has given energy to the process towards ‘ever closer Union’ in the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). Many policies and initiatives have been brought to the table in ...
    • The European Defence Fund and Norway 

      Friis, Karsten (NUPI Policy Brief;2020-13, Research report, 2020)
      The establishment of the European Defence Fund (EDF) represents an important step towards a more coherent European security architecture. It is broadly recognised that Europe needs to reduce duplication between, as well ...