• Comparing Cyber Security. Critical Infrastructure protection in Norway, the UK and Finland. 

      Gjesvik, Lars (NUPI Report;2019-5, Research report, 2019)
      Cyber security and protecting critical infrastructures from digital harm are of increasing importance for governments around the globe. Tackling this issue is challenged by two distinct features of cyber security in Western ...
    • Cybersikkerhet 

      Schia, Niels Nagelhus (Others, 2019)
      Den teknologiske utviklingen og framveksten av digitale nettverk har ført til noen av de mest dramatiske endringene vi har sett på flere generasjoner. Dette gjelder både endringer i sosial samhandling, men også endringer ...
    • Finding a European response to Huawei’s 5G ambitions 

      Weber, Valentin (NUPI Policy Brief;2019-05, Research report, 2019)
      This policy brief suggests that European countries should institute national reviewing boards overseen by intelligence agencies to vet Huawei equipment. If that is not feasible due to a lack of resources or capabilities ...
    • International Cybersecurity: Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark 

      Tikk, Eneken; Kerttunen, Mika (NUPI Policy Brief;2018-11, Research report, 2018)
      Tikk and Kerttunen inform new entrants and nonparticipating governments of the discussions and outcomes of the UN First Committee Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) and discuss prospects for the 2019/2020 GGE. They explain ...
    • Military Offensive Cyber-Capabilities: Small-State Perspectives 

      Muller, Lilly Pijnenburg (NUPI Policy Brief;2019-01, Research report, 2019)
      This Policy Brief provides an overview of the military cyber-defence strategies and capabilities of Norway and of the Netherlands. Comparison of the two different approaches offers insights into their differing tactics and ...
    • Parabasis: Cyber-diplomacy in Stalemate 

      Tikk, Eneken; Kerttunen, Mika (NUPI Report, Research report, 2018)
      Governments and industry around the world are working together to bring the next billion users online,1 but their synergies fade when it comes to how to keep online populations safe and secure. Further, the third and fourth ...
    • Renewable energy and geopolitics: A review 

      Vakulchuk, Roman; Øverland, Indra; Scholten, Daniel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This article reviews the literature on the geopolitics of renewable energy. It finds that while the roots of this literature can be traced back to the 1970s and 1980s, most of it has been published from 2010 onwards. The ...
    • The Politics of Stability: Cement and Change in Cyber Affairs 

      Kerttunen, Mika; Tikk, Eneken (NUPI Report;2019-4, Research report, 2019)
      Stability is a delicate attribute of public international order. If pursued to its absolute, it could paralyse the development and progress of humankind. If marginalized, it could fuel injustice, violence and conflict. ...