• Ad hoc coalitions: From hierarchical to network accountability in peace operations? 

      Hofmann, Stephanie; Karlsrud, John; Reykers, Yf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Launching multinational peace operations are time and politically sensitive decisions that frequently involve the use of force. As a result, a host of accountability issues arise. To date, mainly backward looking and ...
    • Assessing the Effectiveness of the United Nations Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) 

      van der Lijn, jair; Rupesinghe, Natasja; Karlsrud, John; Darkwa, Linda; von Gienanth, Tobias; Edu-Afful, Fiifi; Abouelnasr, Noura; Ahmed, Tofayel (EPON Report;4/2019, Research report, 2019)
    • For the greater good?: “Good states” turning UN peacekeeping towards counterterrorism 

      Karlsrud, John (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The usual suspects of middle power internationalism—small and middle powers such as Canada, Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, and Sweden—have all contributed to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA). This article ...
    • From Liberal Peacebuilding to Stabilization and Counterterrorism 

      Karlsrud, John (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Since the end of the Cold War, international interventions have increasingly been deployed to deal with internal conflict. Liberal peacebuilding has been a guiding concept for many of these interventions, in particular ...
    • How Ad Hoc Coalitions Deinstitutionalize International Institutions 

      Brosig, Malte; Karlsrud, John (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      As ad hoc coalitions (AHCs) proliferate, particularly on the African continent, two questions crystallize. First, what consequences do they bring about for the existing institutional security landscape? And second, how can ...
    • Implementation in practice: The use of force to protect civilians in United Nations peacekeeping 

      Bode, Ingvild; Karlsrud, John (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Since the failures of the United Nations of the early 1990s, the protection of civilians has evolved as a new norm for United Nations peacekeeping operations. However, a 2014 United Nations report found that while peacekeeping ...
    • Is liberal internationalism worth saving? Ad hoc coalitions and their consequences for international security 

      Karlsrud, John; Hofmann, Stephanie; Reykers, Yf (NUPI Policy Brief;2024-01, Journal article, 2024)
    • Nomads and Warlords, Chadian Forces in African Peace Operations 

      Tchie, Andrew E. Yaw (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Despite criticism of the United Nations (UN) as peacekeepers “hiding behind sandbags,” by the former president of Chad, the Chadian military has become a critical enabler of African-led and UN peace operations. This paper ...
    • Plug and Play: Multinational Rotation Contributions for UN Peacekeeping Operations 

      Boutellis, Arthur; Karlsrud, John (NUPI Policy Brief;2017-15, Research report, 2017)
      In January 2016, Norway deployed a C-130 military transport aircraft to the UN mission in Mali (MINUSMA). Given the number of attacks on patrols and logistics convoys of MINUSMA, which has been called ‘the world’s most ...
    • Predictive peacekeeping: opportunities and challenges 

      Duursma, Allard; Karlsrud, John (NUPI Policy Brief;2018-10, Research report, 2018)
      The time is ripe for the development of a UN early warning tool that estimates the likelihood of instability, intercommunity clashes and armed violence in areas in which UN peacekeepers operate. However, this development ...
    • Predictive Peacekeeping: Strengthening Predictive Analysis in UN Peace Operations 

      Duursma, Allard; Karlsrud, John (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The UN is becoming increasingly data-driven. Until recently, data-driven initiatives have mainly been led by individual UN field missions, but with António Guterres, the new Secretary-General, a more centralized approach ...
    • UN Peace Operations, Terrorism, and Violent Extremism 

      Karlsrud, John (Chapter, 2019)
      There are practical and financial reasons to give UN peace operations more robust mandates and mitigate and respond to violent extremism and terrorism. But the idea of UN peacekeepers conducting counter-terrorism operations ...
    • UN Peacekeeping at 75: Achievements, Challenges, and Prospects 

      Duursma, Allard; Bara, Corinne; Wilén, Nina; Hellmüller, Sarah; Karlsrud, John; Oksamytna, Kseniya; Bruker, Janek; Campbell, Susanna; Cusimano, Salvator; Donati, Marco; Dorussen, Han; Druet, Dirk; Geier, Valentin; Epiney, Marine; Gelot, Linnea; Gyllensporre, Dennis; Hiensch, Annick; Hultman, Lisa; Hunt, Charles T.; Krishnan, Rajkumar Cheney; Labuda, Patryk I.; Langenbach, Sascha; Norberg, Annika Hilding; Novosseloff, Alexandra; Oriesek, Daniel; Rhoads, Emily Paddon; Re, Francesco; Russo, Jenna; Sauter, Melanie; Smidt, Hannah; Staeger, ueli; Wenger, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      This year marks the 75th anniversary of what the UN itself understands to be its first peacekeeping operation. It is therefore an appropriate time to reflect on the track record of UN peacekeeping in its efforts to try to ...
    • United Nations Peace Operations in a Changing Global Order 

      De Coning, Cedric; Peter, Mateja (Book, 2019)
      This edited volume generates a discussion about UN approaches to peace by studying challenges and opportunities that the organisation is facing in the 21st century. We use some of the findings from the HIPPO report as an ...